History of Medieval Sofia IV—XIV century
История на Средновековна София IV—XIV век
Language: English


     The monograph is dedicated to the eleventh-century existence of one of the most remarkable Balkan cities during the Middle Ages  the present day capital of BulgariaSofia. It was situated along the Via Diagonalis through the Balkan Peninsula and was mentioned in the annals under the names Serdica, Sredets, Triaditza
     Until the end of the 6th century Serdica was a major Byzantine city and an important episcopal centre. During the 7th and 8th century, the city existed in the setting of ubiquitous Slavic colonisation of the entire Balkan Peninsula.
     In 809 the distinguished Bulgarian ruler khan Krum incorporated Serdica into the Bulgarian Kingdom and the city continued its existence as the Bulgarian city of Sredets for two centuries. Throughout the 11th—12th century, despite being one of the most important strategic fortresses in the western parts of the Byzantine empire, Serdica preserved its Bulgarian ethic image. One of the greatest Bulgarian rulers  tsar Ivan I Asen  restored SerdicaSredets to the Second Bulgarian Kingdom (1195) in which it was a major centre up until Bulgaria's conquest by the Ottoman Turks (end of the 14th century).


Table of contents


I. Serdica during the 4th7th century

1. The city during the reign of the late Roman emperors Diocletian (284в305) and Constantine the Great (306337)

2. Emperor Julian the Apostate and Serdica

3. Goths and Huns as part of the history of the city

4. Serdica during the Slavic raids of the 6th7th century

II. Sredets in the history of early medieval Bulgaria (8091018)

1. Bulgarian Khan Krum (796814) incorporates Serdica into the lands of Bulgaria

2. The city during the events in Bulgarian history before 971

3. Serdica during the reign of the Copetopuli and in Samuel's Bulgaria

III. Serdica (TriaditzaSredets) within the boundaries of the Byzantine Empire (10181195)

1. Serdica and the Boyana Fortress during the uprising of Peter Delyan

2. The Pechenegs and Sredets Region

3. SerdicaTriaditza in times of uprising

4. The first Crusaders and the Serdicians

5. The role of SerdicaTriaditza and the ByzantineHungarian and ByzantineSerbian relations during the 12th century

6. German Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa and Serdica

7. Serdica through the eyes of one Byzantine rhetorician from the 70s of the 12th century

IV. SredetsSofia in the history of the Second Bulgarian Empire 13th—14th century

1. The city in the realm of the first tsars of the Asen dynasty

2. Tsar Ivan II Asen and Sredets

3. Sebastokrator Kaloyan and Sebastokrator Dessislava and their Boyana Church

4. Sredets during the first half of the 14th century

5. Sofia's capture by the Ottoman Turks (1385)

V. Demographic and ethnic changes in Serdica-Sredets-Sofia and its region during the 4th—14th century

1. Demographic and ethnic changes in Serdica and its region during the IV-VII century

1.1. The population of Serdica during the 1st—3rd century

1.2. Changes in the population's composition during the 4th—5th century

1.3. Ethnic and social changes during the 6th—7th century

2. Ethnic composition in Serdica (SredetsTriaditzaSofia) during the 9th—14th century

2.1. Slavicisation and Bulgarisation of the city  8091018

2.2. Ethnic changes during the Byzantine rule

VI. SerdicaSredetsSofia  a religious and spiritual centre during the 4th—14th century

1. Serdica  an important religious and spiritual centre between the 4th and the beginning of the 11th century

1.1. The religious governance of Serdica until the Council of Serdica of 343 AD

1.2. Dogmatic teaching during the 4th century and the Council of Serdica of 343 AD

1.3. Christianisation of Serdica's population during the 4th—6th century and the Serdician Christian diocese

1.4. Sedician episcopal see and metropolitan diocese  8th—11th century

2. Serdica (TriaditzaSredetsSofia)  an important and spiritual centre from the 11th to the end of the 14th century

2.1. The Serdician episcopal see between the 11th and the end of the 12th century

2.2. Saint John of Rila  "the Beacon of Sredets"

2.3. Heretic teachings in the city and their representatives. Conflicts within the Serdician (Triaditian) episcopal see

2.4. The Serdician episcopal see (metropolitan diocese) between the end of the 12th and the end of the 14th century

VII. Sofia's names throughout the centuries




List of abbreviations


Publisher Zahari Stoyanov
Language English
Pages 496
Illustrations b/w figures
Binding hardback
ISBN 978-954-09-1268-4
Creation date 2017
Size 16 х 24 cm

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