The aqueducts in the Bulgarian lands 2nd4th c. AD
Акведуктите по българските земи II—IV век
Language: BulgarianEnglish (bilingual)
Category: Roman archaeology


     The main purpose of the study is to present the various aspects of the Roman extra-urban water supply within the boundaries of present-day Bulgaria. Information on the water supply of 19 cities and legionary camps was collected and critically summarized.


Table of contents


Territorial scope

Chronological scope




I. Social prerequisites and political significance of water supply in the Roman world

I.1. Need for water supply

I.2. Rights to dispose of the waters

I.2.1. Rights of private individuals

I.2.2. Rights of the city

I.3. Building an aqueduct

I.4. Funding of the urban water supply

I.4.1. Construction and maintenance costs

I.4.2. Co-financing by local authorities, private sponsors, military officers and the emperor

I.4.3. Cost range

I.5. Water allocation

I.6. Water supply administration and legal protection

II. The aqueducts of the Roman cities in the Bulgarian lands (Moesia Superior, Moesia Inferior, Thracia). Overview of bibliography, epigraphic and numismatic monuments, technical characteristics, analyses

II.1. Moesia Superior

II.1.1. Ratiaria

II.2. Moesia Inferior

II.2.1. Oescus

II.2.2. Novae

II.2.3. Durostorum

II.2.4. Nicopolis ad Istrum

II.2.5. Abritus

II.2.6. Zaldapa

II.2.7. Marcianopolis

II.2.8. Dionisopolis

II.2.9. Odessos / Odessus

II.3. Thracia

II.3.1. Serdica

II.3.2. Pautalia

II.3.3. Philippopolis

II.3.4. Diocletianopolis

II.3.5. Augusta Traiana

II.3.6. Cabyle

II.3.7. Deultum

II.3.8. Mesambria Pontica

II.3.9. Anchialos / Anchialus

II.4. Statistic data on the water supply works of the Roman cities in the Bulgarian lands

III. The western (main) aqueduct of Nicopolis ad Istrum

III.1. The course of the aqueduct  topographic data

III.2. Elements of the aqueduct

III.2.1. The cave

III.2.2. The catchment (caput aquae)

III.2.3. The channel (specus)

III.2.4. Arcades (arcus, opus arcuatum)

III.2.4.1. The arcade in the Rossitsa River

III.2.4.2. The arcade before the urban water distribution bank (castellum aquae)

II.2.5. The urban water-distribution (castellum aquae)

III.3. Construction material used

III.3.1. Stone

III.3.2. Ceramic

III.3.3. Metal

III.3.4. Timber

III.3.5. Mixtures

III.4. Hydraulic parameters

III.5. Table with data on the capacity of the Western aqueduct

IV. Types of aqueducts. Analysis of the hydraulic parameters

IV.1. Static pressure

IV.2. Vertical turns

IV.3. Horizontal turns

IV.4. Dynamic forces

IV.5. Air cushions

IV.6. Hydraulic shock






Publisher Abagar
Language Bulgarian, English
Pages 432
Illustrations b/w and color figures, maps
Binding hardback
ISBN 978-619-168-190-7
Creation date 2018
Size 21 x 29 cm

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