Mariana Egri, Aurel Rustoiu (eds.). The Archaeology of Communities and Landscapes in the Carpathian BasinInterdisciplinary Perspectives
Category: Archaeology
Language: English


   The landscape of any given region has almost always being present in one way or another in archaeological reports, studies and monographs since the beginning of this scientific discipline. More often than not, landscape descriptions only aimed to provide an obligatory environmental background for the study of settlement patterns and subsistence strategies of various communities by listing “relevant” geomorphologic, pedological or faunal features, climatic patterns, mineral resources or historical/traditional land-use practices. The required data were usually lifted from modern studies, repertoires, atlases, catalogues and handbooks whose original scope often had little to do with the investigation of past societies and their practices. Likewise, archaeological sites were commonly plotted on modern-age maps that included regulated waterways, intensive agriculture, mining or quarrying, and dense transportation networks and urbanization.
   However, changes in the archaeological paradigm of the last few decades, as well as the subsequent adoption of several investigative methods from other sciences (e.g. geophysics, palynology, geology, biology, biochemistry etc), have challenged the stereotypical, mono-dimensional approach that favoured a deterministic interpretative model, leading in turn to the emergence of the sub-discipline of landscape archaeology. This has also been influenced by diachronic studies of the evolution of ecological systems which focused on human beings as important actors, acknowledging that the interactions between past communities and the environment were highly dynamic processes that sometimes have repercussions until today. As a consequence, alongside the investigation of geomorphologic and hydrologic features and their impact, more attention has recently been paid by the archaeologists to the socio-political, economic, cultural and ideological dimensions of the landscape as products of human agency.

Table of contents

M. Egri, A. Rustoiu. Introduction: landscape and land-use practices in the Carpathian Basin

G. Březinová. Eco-parameters of settlement finds from the La Tène period on the territory of south-western Slovakia

F. Sörös. Late Iron Age land-use on the Sajó–Hernád Plain (north-eastern Hungary)

P. Dragonidesová. Settlement of the surroundings of lower Morava River at the beginning of the Roman period

M. Egri, G. Susi, I. Ferencz. Meat consumption between body nourishment and social statement. The case of pre-Roman Dacia

G. Susi. Animal management in the villa rustica at Oarda-Bulza (Alba County) and its impact on the environment

B. Kovár, K. Pieta, T. Lieskovský. Preconditions of landscape research around the late La Tène hillfort of Trenčianske Bohuslavice

P. Ramsl, G. Raab. Sacred spaces and communication lines. Case studies in Eastern Austria and Alpine Areas

A. Rustoiu. The middle Mureş valley during the Early Iron Age. Communities and landscape transformations#

S. Berecki. Natural environment of cultic activities in Late Iron Age Transylvania

I. Ferencz. Aristocratic residences in south-western Transylvania. Reflections on the functionality of the so-called Dacian fortresses

A. Căsălean. Late Iron Age “downtowns”: some perspectives regarding the organization and functionalities of public squares within the Dacian horizon habitat from Cugir-Cetate, Alba County

A. Drăgan. Tower-dwellings of Late Iron Age Dacia as social and ideological content of the built landscape. The case of the stone towers from Divici-Grad, south-western Romania

V. Zhivkov, Z. Dimitrov. The Getae who were called Moesi. Changing landscape in the LT D2 / Augustan age between the Timok and Ogosta rivers (north-western Bulgaria)



Publisher Editura Mega
Language English
Pages 218
Illustrations b/w and color figures
Binding hardback
ISBN 978-606-020-693-4
Creation date 2023
Size 21 х 29 cm

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