Nadezhda Kirova. Medicine in the provinces of Lower Moesia and Thrace
 end of 3rd c. AD) (Dissertations, vol. 3). In Bulgarian with summary in English.


Table of contents


Part I.

I. Studies at the ancient medicine and medical instruments

II. At the dawn of medicine

Medical authors

Where does the origin of Roman medicine root?

Achievements of the medicine at Roman times

Medical finds from the Pre-Roman time

Thracian healing practices

Thracian grave complexes with medical instruments from the Roman age

III. Medical and pharmaceutical instruments from the provinces of Lower Moesia and Thrace

A. Basic instruments

A1 Scalpel

A2 Lancet

A3 Forceps

A4 Tweezers

A5 Hook

A6 Needle

A7 Scissors

A8 Cupping vessel

A9 Cautery

B. Specialized instruments

В1 Urology instruments

В1.1 Instruments for lithotomy

В1.2 Anal speculum

B1.3 Catheter

B2 Gynaecological instruments

B2.1 Vaginal speculum

B2.2 Gynaecological hook

B2.3 Hook for destroying foetus in the womb

B3 Instruments for bone surgery

B3.1 Trephine

B3.2 Chisel

B3.3 Bone forceps

B4 Instruments for ophthalmic surgery

B4.1 Ophthalmic needle

B4.2 Scalpels for ophthalmic surgery

C. Auxiliary instruments

C1 Probe

C1.1 Spatula probe

C1.2 Scoop probe

С1.3 Ear probe

С1.4 Double probe

C2 Spatula

С3 Spoon

C3.1 Cochlear

С3.2 Ligula

С4 Bandage needle

С5 Ointment slab

С7 Strigilis

С6 Scales and leads

С8 Stilus

D. Containers and vessels for keeping of medicaments and instruments

D1 Boxes

D1.1 Tubular drug box

D1.2 Rectangular box

D1.3 Pyxis

D2 Vessels

D3 Mortars and pestles

E. Cosmetic utensils

Material, workmanship and decoration of the medical instruments

IV. Epigraphy and medicine

V. Medical practice at Roman times

Social status of the ancient practitioner

Specialization in ancient medicine

Military medicine

Arising of the organized medical service

Military doctors

General scheme of the military hospitals

Military hospitals

The military hospital at Novae

Veterinary medicine

Localization of healing centres

Paleopathological data about demographic processes at Bulgarian lands from 1st to 3rd c. AD

VI. Anthropology and medicine

Fractures and diseases



VII. Numismatics, art and medicine

VIII. Religion, magic and medicine


The cult ofAsclepius and other healing deities

Epithets of the healing deities

Symbols of the healing deities

Theophorical names

Magic and magical items

IX. Hygiene, healthcare and medicine

Climatic conditions and hygiene

The baths as a place of healing

Thermal springs and baths

Medicaments and trade with them





Part II. Catalogue (of the instruments and utensils in Chapter III)


Appendix 1. A catalogue of the grave finds and close complexes with medical instruments from the provinces of Lower Moesia and Thrace

Appendix 2

2A. Finds of scalpels with silver inlay from the Roman age

2B. Finds of instruments for lithotomy from the Roman age

2C. Finds of rectal specula from the Roman age

2D. Finds of catheters from the Roman age

2F. Finds of vaginal specula from the Roman age

2G. Finds of trephines from the Roman age

2H. Finds of ophthalmic needles from the Roman age

2I. Finds of rectangular bronze boxes from the Roman age

Appendix 3. Complexes comprising specialized medical instruments from the Roman age

Appendix 4. Images, related to the medicine, on coins and medallions from the provinces of Lower Moesia and Thrace from 1st to 3rd c. AD



List of the tables, plates, figures and maps, used in the book

Медицината в провинциите Долна Мизия и Тракия (I — края на III в.)

Publisher National institute of archaeology with museum (Bulgarian academy of sciences)
Language Bulgarian with a summary in English
Pages 312
Illustrations b/w figures, maps
Binding paperback
ISBN 978-954-92117-6-4
Creation date 2010
Size 21 x 29 cm

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